- spiritual sloth; apathy; indifference (Christian Religious Writings / Theology)
- via Late Latin from Greek akēdia, from a + kēdos care
In the Christian moral tradition, sloth (Latin: acedia, accidia, pigritia) is one of the seven capital sins, often called the seven deadly sins; these sins are called the capital sins because they destroy the charity in a man’s heart and thus may lead to eternal death.
Sloth is defined as spiritual or emotional apathy, neglecting what God has spoken, and being physically and emotionally inactive. Acedia is a Latin word, from Greek ἁκηδείᾱ, meaning “Carelessness”.
Sloth can also indicate a wasting due to lack of use, concerning a person, place, thing, skill, or intangible ideal that would require maintenance, refinement, or support to continue to exist.
Religious views concerning the need for one to work to support society and further God’s plan and work also suggest that, through inactivity, one invites the desire to sin. “For Satan finds some mischief still for idle hands to do.” (“Against Idleness and Mischief” by Isaac Watts)